Dr Ross Kerr
Areas of expertise
- Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 040403
- Fluid Physics 020303
- Volcanology 040314
Research interests
Geological and environmental fluid mechanics: experimental and theoretical studies in fluid mechanics, and their application to the earth.
Physical processes of interest include: thermal, compositional and multi-component convection; melting, dissolving and crystallization; porous media flow; turbulent plumes and fountains; convective mixing; and sedimentation.
Biography
Academic Education and Qualifications
B.Sc. (Hons.): First Class Honours in Physics and University Medal, The University of Queensland, 1980.
Ph.D.: Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, 1984.
Employment History
Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts, USA, 1985.
Research Fellow, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, 1986-89.
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University. (Research Fellow 1989-96; Fellow 1996-2001; Senior Fellow 2001-)
Professional Society Activities
I am a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Physics (since 2001), a member of the American Geophysical Union (since 1985), and a member of the Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
Awards
Research Fellowship, The Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, 1986-1987.
Gulbenkian Junior Research Fellowship, Churchill College, Cambridge, 1986-1989.
Australian Research Council Fellowship, 1993-1998.
Past student projects
Supervised ANU PhD students
J. Robertson: The dynamics of solidifying lava flows with a Bingham yield strength rhelogy.
A. Lyman: The emplacement of channelized lava flows.
L. Bloomfield: The dynamics of turbulent fountains in homogeneous and stratified fluids.
A.M. Jellinek: Mixing by natural convection, with applications to the differentiation of magmas, the Earth's core, and the mantle.
A. Wong: Stratification and circulation produced by turbulent plumes.
Publications
- McConnochie, C & Kerr, R 2016, 'The effect of a salinity gradient on the dissolution of a vertical ice face', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 791, pp. 589-607.
- Gayen, B, Griffiths, R & Kerr, R 2016, 'Simulation of convection at a vertical ice face dissolving into saline water', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 798, pp. 284-298.
- McConnochie, C & Kerr, R 2015, 'The turbulent wall plume from a vertically distributed source of buoyancy', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 787, pp. 237-253.
- Kerr, R & McConnochie, C 2015, 'Dissolution of a vertical solid surface by turbulent compositional convection', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 765, pp. 211-228.
- Gayen, B, Griffiths, R & Kerr, R 2015, 'Melting Driven Convection at the Ice-seawater Interface', IUTAM Symposium 2015 (International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics), ed. Sahu, K.C., Elsevier, open access, pp. 78-85.
- Griffiths, R & Kerr, R 2015, 'Coupling of Cooling, Solidification and Gravity-driven Flow', IUTAM Symposium 2015 (International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics), ed. Sahu, K.C., Elsevier, open access, pp. 165-171.
- McConnochie, C & Kerr, R 2014, 'Turbulent dissolution of a vertical ice wall into homogeneous and stratified salty water', 19th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, ed. Harun Chowdhury and Firoz Alam, Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society, Australia, pp. Paper 289.
- Robertson, J & Kerr, R 2012, 'Solidification dynamics in channeled viscoplastic lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 1-18.
- Robertson, J & Kerr, R 2012, 'Isothermal dynamics of channeled viscoplastic lava flows and new methods for estimating lava rheology', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 117, B01202.
- Lister, J, Kerr, R, Russell, N & Crosby, A 2011, 'Rayleigh-Taylor instability of an inclined buoyant viscous cylinder', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 671, pp. 313-338.
- Meriaux, C et al. 2011, 'On the rise of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 184, pp. 63-79.
- Williams, D, Kerr, R & Lesher, M 2011, 'Mathematical modeling of thermomechanical erosion beneath Proterozoic komatiitic basaltic sinuous rilles in the Cape Smith Belt, New Quebec, Canada', Mineralium Deposita, pp. 1-16.
- Robertson, J & Kerr, R 2010, 'Rheological controls on the dynamics of channeled lava flows', 17th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2010, 17AFMC, Conference Organising Committee, Auckland New Zealand, pp. 499-502.
- Kerr, R 2009, 'Thermal erosion of felsic ground by the laminar flow of a basaltic lava, with application to the Cave Basalt, Mount St. Helens, Washington', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 114, no. B09204, pp. 1-14.
- Kerr, R & Lister, J 2008, 'Rise and Deflection of mantle plume rails', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. G3, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. Q10004.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2008, 'The effect of thermal diffusion on the stability of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2008, ed. Conference Program Committee, Conference Organising Committee, Adelaide Australia, p. 2.
- Kerr, R, Meriaux, C & Lister, J 2008, 'Effect of thermal diffusion on the stability of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, no. B09401, pp. 1-12.
- Kerr, R & Lyman, A 2007, 'Importance of surface crust strength during the flow of the 1988-1990 andesite lava of Lonquimay Volcano, Chile', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. BO3209.
- Lyman, A & Kerr, R 2006, 'Effect of surface solidification on the emplacement of lava flows on a slope', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 111, no. B05206, pp. 1-14.
- Kerr, R, Griffiths, R & Cashman, K 2006, 'Formation of channelized lava flows on an unconfined slope', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 111, no. B10206, pp. 1-13.
- Cashman, K, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2006, 'A laboratory model of surface crust formation and disruption on lava flows through non-uniform channels', Bulletin of Volcanology, vol. 68, no. 7-8, pp. 753-770.
- Coman, M, Hughes, G, Kerr, R et al 2006, 'The effect of a barrier on laminar convection in a box with differentially heated endwalls', International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 49, pp. 2903-2911.
- Lyman, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2005, 'Effects of internal rheology and surface cooling on the emplacement of lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 110, pp. 1-16.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2005, 'The Dynamics of Sheared Mantle Plume Tails', National Congress Australian Institute of Physics 2005, ed. Max Colla, Australian Institute of Physics, Canberra, pp. 1-4.
- Vear, M, Hughes, G & Kerr, R 2004, 'Convective Exchange between two Connected Chambers', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2004, ed. The University of Sydney, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, p. 4.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2004, 'Structure and dynamics of sheared mantle plumes', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. G3, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. Q12009.
- Griffiths, R, Kerr, R & Cashman, K 2003, 'Patterns of solidification in channel flows with surface cooling', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 496, pp. 33-62.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 2002, 'Inclined turbulent fountains', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 451, pp. 283-294.
- Williams, D, Kerr, R, Lesher, C et al 2001, 'Analytical/Numerical Modeling of Komatiite Lava Emplacement and Thermal Erosion at Perseverance, Western Australia', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 110, pp. 27-55.
- Griffiths, R, Kerr, R & Cashman, K 2001, 'Surface Solidication in Open Channel Flow', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2001, ed. B.B. Dally, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 461-464.
- Jellinek, A & Kerr, R 2001, 'Magma Dynamics, Crystallisation and Chemical Differentiation of the 1959 Kilauea Iki Lava Lake, Hawaii, revisited', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 110, pp. 235-263.
- Kerr, R 2001, 'Theoretical and Experimental Modelling of Thermal Erosion by Laminar Lava Flows', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2001, ed. B.B. Dally, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 477-480.
- Kerr, R 2001, 'Thermal Erosion by Laminar Lava Flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 106, pp. 26,453-26,465.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 2000, 'A theoretical model of a turbulent fountain', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 424, pp. 197-216.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 1999, 'Turbulent fountains in a confined stratified environment', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 389, pp. 27-54.
- Jellinek, A & Kerr, R 1999, 'Mixing and compositional layering produced by natural convection. Part 2. Applications to the differentiation of basaltic and silicic magma chambers and koimatiite lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 104, pp. 7203-7218.
- Jellinek, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 1999, 'Mixing and compositional layering produced by convection Part 1: The experiments and their application to the Earth's core and mantle', Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 104, pp. 7183-7201.
Projects and Grants
Grants are drawn from ARIES. To add Projects or Grants please contact your College Research Office.
- Melting and circulation in Antarctic ice shelf cavities (Primary Investigator)
- A new energy budget for the global circulation of the oceans (Secondary Investigator)
- Solidification, Channel Formation and Thermal Erosion In Lava Flows (Primary Investigator)
- The Fluid Dynamics of Lava Flows: Silicic Domes and Basaltic Channels (Secondary Investigator)