Dr Ross Kerr
Areas of expertise
- Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 040403
- Fluid Physics 020303
- Volcanology 040314
Research interests
Geological and environmental fluid mechanics: experimental and theoretical studies in fluid mechanics, and their application to the earth.
Physical processes of interest include: thermal, compositional and multi-component convection; melting, dissolving and crystallization; porous media flow; turbulent plumes and fountains; convective mixing; and sedimentation.
Biography
Academic Education and Qualifications
B.Sc. (Hons.): First Class Honours in Physics and University Medal, The University of Queensland, 1980.
Ph.D.: Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, 1984.
Employment History
Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Physical Oceanography, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts, USA, 1985.
Research Fellow, Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, 1986-89.
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Group, Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University. (Research Fellow 1989-96; Fellow 1996-2001; Senior Fellow 2001-)
Professional Society Activities
I am a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Physics (since 2001), a member of the American Geophysical Union (since 1985), and a member of the Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.
Awards
Research Fellowship, The Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, 1986-1987.
Gulbenkian Junior Research Fellowship, Churchill College, Cambridge, 1986-1989.
Australian Research Council Fellowship, 1993-1998.
Current student projects
J. Robertson: The dynamics of solidifying lava flows with a Bingham yield strength rhelogy.
Past student projects
Supervised ANU PhD students
A. Lyman: The emplacement of channelized lava flows.
L. Bloomfield: The dynamics of turbulent fountains in homogeneous and stratified fluids.
A.M. Jellinek: Mixing by natural convection, with applications to the differentiation of magmas, the Earth's core, and the mantle.
A. Wong: Stratification and circulation produced by turbulent plumes.
Publications
- Robertson, J & Kerr, R 2012, 'Solidification dynamics in channeled viscoplastic lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 1-18.
- Robertson, J & Kerr, R 2012, 'Isothermal dynamics of channeled viscoplastic lava flows and new methods for estimating lava rheology', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 117, B01202.
- Lister, J, Kerr, R, Russell, N & Crosby, A 2011, 'Rayleigh-Taylor instability of an inclined buoyant viscous cylinder', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 671, pp. 313-338.
- Meriaux, C et al. 2011, 'On the rise of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 184, pp. 63-79.
- Williams, D, Kerr, R & Lesher, M 2011, 'Mathematical modeling of thermomechanical erosion beneath Proterozoic komatiitic basaltic sinuous rilles in the Cape Smith Belt, New QuÃ©bec, Canada', Mineralium Deposita, pp. 1-16.
- Kerr, R 2009, 'Thermal erosion of felsic ground by the laminar flow of a basaltic lava, with application to the Cave Basalt, Mount St. Helens, Washington', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 114, no. B09204, pp. 1-14.
- Kerr, R & Lister, J 2008, 'Rise and Deflection of mantle plume rails', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. G3, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. Q10004.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2008, 'The effect of thermal diffusion on the stability of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2008, ed. Conference Program Committee, Conference Organising Committee, Adelaide Australia, p. 2.
- Kerr, R, Meriaux, C & Lister, J 2008, 'Effect of thermal diffusion on the stability of strongly tilted mantle plume tails', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 113, no. B09401, pp. 1-12.
- Kerr, R & Lyman, A 2007, 'Importance of surface crust strength during the flow of the 1988-1990 andesite lava of Lonquimay Volcano, Chile', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. BO3209.
- Lyman, A & Kerr, R 2006, 'Effect of surface solidification on the emplacement of lava flows on a slope', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 111, no. B05206, pp. 1-14.
- Kerr, R, Griffiths, R & Cashman, K 2006, 'Formation of channelized lava flows on an unconfined slope', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 111, no. B10206, pp. 1-13.
- Cashman, K, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2006, 'A laboratory model of surface crust formation and disruption on lava flows through non-uniform channels', Bulletin of Volcanology, vol. 68, no. 7-8, pp. 753-770.
- Coman, M, Hughes, G, Kerr, R et al 2006, 'The effect of a barrier on laminar convection in a box with differentially heated endwalls', International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 49, pp. 2903-2911.
- Lyman, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 2005, 'Effects of internal rheology and surface cooling on the emplacement of lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 110, pp. 1-16.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2005, 'The Dynamics of Sheared Mantle Plume Tails', National Congress Australian Institute of Physics 2005, ed. Max Colla, Australian Institute of Physics, Canberra, pp. 1-4.
- Vear, M, Hughes, G & Kerr, R 2004, 'Convective Exchange between two Connected Chambers', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2004, ed. The University of Sydney, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, pp. 4pp.
- Kerr, R & Meriaux, C 2004, 'Structure and dynamics of sheared mantle plumes', Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. G3, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. Q12009.
- Griffiths, R, Kerr, R & Cashman, K 2003, 'Patterns of solidification in channel flows with surface cooling', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 496, pp. 33-62.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 2002, 'Inclined turbulent fountains', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 451, pp. 283-294.
- Williams, D, Kerr, R, Lesher, C et al 2001, 'Analytical/Numerical Modeling of Komatiite Lava Emplacement and Thermal Erosion at Perseverance, Western Australia', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 110, pp. 27-55.
- Griffiths, R, Kerr, R & Cashman, K 2001, 'Surface Solidication in Open Channel Flow', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2001, ed. B.B. Dally, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 461-464.
- Jellinek, A & Kerr, R 2001, 'Magma Dynamics, Crystallisation and Chemical Differentiation of the 1959 Kilauea Iki Lava Lake, Hawaii, revisited', Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, vol. 110, pp. 235-263.
- Kerr, R 2001, 'Theoretical and Experimental Modelling of Thermal Erosion by Laminar Lava Flows', Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 2001, ed. B.B. Dally, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, pp. 477-480.
- Kerr, R 2001, 'Thermal Erosion by Laminar Lava Flows', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 106, pp. 26,453-26,465.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 2000, 'A theoretical model of a turbulent fountain', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 424, pp. 197-216.
- Bloomfield, L & Kerr, R 1999, 'Turbulent fountains in a confined stratified environment', Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 389, pp. 27-54.
- Jellinek, A & Kerr, R 1999, 'Mixing and compositional layering produced by natural convection. Part 2. Applications to the differentiation of basaltic and silicic magma chambers and koimatiite lava flows', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 104, pp. 7203-7218.
- Jellinek, A, Kerr, R & Griffiths, R 1999, 'Mixing and compositional layering produced by convection Part 1: The experiments and their application to the Earth's core and mantle', Journal of Geophysical Research B: Solid Earth, vol. 104, pp. 7183-7201.
Projects and Grants
- Melting and circulation in Antarctic ice shelf cavities (Primary Investigator)
- A new energy budget for the global circulation of the oceans (Secondary Investigator)
- Solidification, Channel Formation and Thermal Erosion In Lava Flows (Primary Investigator)
- The Fluid Dynamics of Lava Flows: Silicic Domes and Basaltic Channels (Secondary Investigator)