Dr Sally Hall

RN, Grad Cert Clin Man, PhD
Research Manager, Rural Clinical School
ANU College of Health and Medicine
T: +61 2 4822 9021

Areas of expertise

  • Primary Health Care 111717
  • Clinical Nursing: Primary (Preventative) 111002
  • Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care) 111003
  • Public Health And Health Services 1117
  • Medical And Health Sciences Not Elsewhere Classified 119999

Research interests

Rural health and healthcare delivery

Complexity science and the ecology of healthcare

Nursing in general practice

Safety, quality & clinical governance in primary health care

Interprofessional and interpersonal relationships in healthcare settings

Qualitative and mixed methods research


Sally Hall Dykgraaf has worked as a health services researcher since 2005. She is a Registered Nurse with a background in critical care and post graduate qualifications in clinical management. She has worked as a nurse in general practice, hospital and public health settings, and as the Director of Policy and Planning with a rural NSW Division of General Practice, where she was instrumental in developing locally based quality improvement initiatives for general practices including the establishment of the initial wave of the Australian Primary Care Collaboratives. She also has experience in clinical quality systems, and governance development and implementation in the publicly-funded health sector, having worked as the Manager of Clinical Health Improvement for a NSW Area Health Service.

Sally has extensive experience in the management and analysis of qualitative data and mixed methods approaches, as well as the use of methods such as Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Social Network Analysis. She has expertise in the use of novel and innovative research methods and techniques, such as rapid appraisal and ethnographic observation,  and experience in using deliberative and collaborative approaches to data synthesis and interpretation. She also has experience in the design and implementation of program evaluations and has participated in numerous consultancy projects including contracts with State funded health services and Primary Healthcare organisations.

She has undertaken, with colleagues, research exploring the role of nurses in general practice, inter-professional learning, the use of practice guidelines in clinical decision making, clinical governance and integration in primary care settings, the community impact of rural medical education, advance care planning in rural residential aged care, and a cluster-randomised trial of triage by non-clinical staff in general practice. Her doctoral thesis explored clinical practice variation in general practice management of chronic disease, using social ecological systems and complexity theory, and employed QCA to examine data derived from pooled electronic medical records.

Since early 2020, Sally has been seconded to the Commonwealth Department of Health undertaking action research alongside the COVID-19 Primary Care Response Group. This work includes undertaking rapid reviews and evidence synthesis to inform policy decision making, and description and publication of the COVID-19 policy response for the academic record. In 2003 she was one of two inaugural recipients of the National Institute for Clinical Studies' GP Leader Awards, and is a foundation member of the Research Advisory Board of the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute, as well as a member of Royal Australian College of General Practioners (RACGP) National Research & Evaluation Ethics Committee.

Researcher's projects

Ecological determinants of healthcare utilisation and outcomes in rural and remote settings - a living systematic review

ANU College of Health & Medicine COVID-19 Primary Care Action Research Team seconded to Australian Government department of Health COVID-19 Primary Care Response Group

COVID-19 Quick Clinician Survey - see website below 

Enhancing quality and safety through guidelines in chronic disease management – a comparison of decision-making processes. 

National evaluation working group - Regional Training Hubs

Current student projects

Influences on preferred mode of birth after caesarean in rural South Eastern NSW

An analysis of stressors within Australian primary health care during the 2020 COVID19 outbreak

Understanding medical student's perceptions of rurality

Assessing the effect of rideshare services on healthcare access in rural areas

Effects of rural internship programs on access to care and health outcomes of rural and remote communities

Perceptions of quality of care among rural and urban clinicians in Australia

Past student projects

The impact of student-led health screenings in rural communities on engagement with primary care services

Who's responsible? Understanding clinician's views and attitudes to coordination of healthcare in the ambulatory setting

Clinincal decision making and adherence to diabetes management guidelines

Clinical decision making and adherence to guidelines for chronic respiratory disease


Return to top

Updated:  03 February 2023 / Responsible Officer:  Director (Research Services Division) / Page Contact:  Researchers