Dr Timothy Baynes

PhD Physics (UNSW) 2002, BSc(Hons) Medical Physics (UNSW) 1995
ANU College of Science
T: +61 2 9490 8824

Research interests

Concepts and techniques of industrial ecology to investigate the material and energy needs of society: the circular economy. With researchers from 8 other universities I helped develop an online virtual industrial ecology laboratory for Australia and ‘MEFISTO’: a scenario tool for studying material and energy flows integrated with stock dynamics.

I have an enduring interest in industrial ecology at the city scale and the use of material and energy flow accounting, input-output analysis and complex systems science to address problems of urban environmental sustainability



I have been a researcher at CSIRO for more than 18 years, investigating scenarios of population growth, resource use and environmental impacts from the regional to the international scale. Earlier research with the Australian National University and the University of New South Wales, focused on applied physics, and led to highly cited international journal articles on magnetics and biophysics. I have broad academic and research experience that I like to think brings some creative thinking on open ended problems of sustainability and economic development. Recent work on climate impacts and adaptation was cited in the IPCC 5th Assessment, I was a contributing author to the Global Energy Assessment and in other projects I have advised to the United Nations Environment Program.

Other activities and associations:

  • Secretary of the International Society of Industrial Ecology 2018 – present
  • Co-Founder of the Industrial Ecology Virtual Laboratory (2011)
  • Member of the Australian Institute of Company Directors (2016 - present)
  • Member of the NSW Circular Research Taskforce (since 2020)

Researcher's projects

  • Social and Environmental Accounting: numerate narratives of socio-economic development in cities and regions to pair with their concurrent histories of environmental change, assessing co-benefits or trade-offs in human settlements over long time periods.
  • Material and Energy Flows Integrated with Stocks (MEFISTO): a dynamic modelling suite for analysing material and energy flows embedded in, and moderated by, fixed capital stocks. Part macro-economics, part industrial ecology, this project is at the forefront of assessing the environmental sustainability credentials of investment decisions.
  • Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) analysis: using the Australian Industrial Ecology Laboratory (IELab) to investigate a variety of direct and indirect effects of consumption and production activity in Australia.

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Updated:  16 July 2024 / Responsible Officer:  Director (Research Services Division) / Page Contact:  Researchers