Professor Lorana Bartels

Criminology Program Leader, ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods
College of Arts and Social Sciences
T: 02 6125 1279

Areas of expertise

  • Access To Justice 180102
  • Correctional Theory, Offender Treatment And Rehabilitation 160202
  • Courts And Sentencing 160203
  • Criminal Law And Procedure 180110
  • Law And Society 180119
  • Legal Institutions (Incl. Courts And Justice Systems) 180120

Research interests

Professor Bartels’ research focuses on various aspects of the criminal justice system. Her key areas of interest are:

  • courts and sentencing, including therapeutic jurisprudence; 
  • prisons, community corrections and correctional policy; and 
  • the treatment of women and Indigenous peoples in the criminal justice system. 




Professor Lorana Bartels (BA LLB LLM PhD GDLP GCTE) is the Criminology Program Leader at the ANU. She was previously Head of the School of Law and Justice at the University of Canberra and has also worked at the Australian Institute of Criminology, Family Court of Australia, NSW Attorney-General's Department, NSW Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions and NSW Public Defenders Office.

Professor Bartels is an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Canberra and University of Tasmania, a Life Member of Clare Hall at the University of Cambridge, a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Law and joint winner of the 2018 ACT Woman Lawyer of the Year - Community & Academic Award.

She is a member of the ACT Law Society Criminal Law Committee; ACT Reducing Recidivism Advisory Group; Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC); After Prison Network (ACT representative); Australian Lawyers for Human Rights; British Society of Criminology; European Society of Criminology; International Mainstreaming Therapeutic Jurisprudence Advisory Group; International Society for Therapeutic Jurisprudence Global Advisory Council; National Sentencing Network Leadership Committee (ACT representative); SHINE for Kids Research Practice and Advocacy Advisory Group; and Women Lawyers Association ACT. She is also a member of the editorial boards of the Alternative Law JournalCriminal Law Journal (ACT Editor and Sentencing Editor), International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology and SAGE Handbook of Domestic Violence. She was previously a member of the ANZSOC Management Committee (2008-15) and Prisoners Aid ACT Management Committee (2016-2020).

Professor Bartels’ publications include four books and 100 refereed journal articles, book chapters and conference papers, as well as consultancy reports for the ACT Chief Magistrate, ACT Justice and Community Safety Directorate, Corrections Victoria, Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse and Tasmanian Sentencing Advisory Council. 




Researcher's projects

Recent and current projects include the first evaluation of a prison yoga program in Australia; a review of the Family Violence Act 2016 (ACT) and the ACT's services for victims of violence crime; developing an evaluation framework for the ACT Government's Reducing Recidivism by 25% by 2025 Strategy; an Australian Research Council project on parole and public opinion; an Australian Research Council project on public opinion on sentencing for sex offences; consideration of the role of compassion in criminal justice policy and practice; and research and advocacy on the implications of COVID-19 for the criminal justice system.

Publications (in addition to those listed below; copies available on request)



  1. Bartels L and Richards K (eds) (2011), Qualitative criminology: Stories from the field, Hawkins Press.

Book chapters 

  1. Bartels L and Hopkins A, ‘Engaging head and heart: An Australian story on the role of compassion in criminal justice reform’, in J Madeira et al (eds), Research Handbook on law and emotion. Edward Elgar. Forthcoming.
  2. Anthony T, Sentance G and Bartels L (2020), ‘Transcending colonial legacies: From criminal justice to Indigenous women’s healing’, in L George et al, Neo-colonial criminal justice: The mass imprisonment of Indigenous women, Palgrave. 
  3. Lewis C, Hopkins A and Bartels L (2013), ‘The relevance of Aboriginality in sentencing: Findings from interviews in the ACT’, in P Easteal (ed), Justice connections, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 37-59. 
  4. Bartels L (2012), ‘Twenty years on: Indigenous deaths in custody and lessons from the frontline’, in I Bartkowiak-Théron and N Asquith (eds), Policing vulnerability, Federation Press, 181-197.

Refereed journal articles     

  1. Best D, Bartels L, Beck G and Musgrove A, ‘Avoiding “starburst”: The need to identify common metrics of evaluating strengths-based programmes in prison’, Prison Service JournalForthcoming.
  2. Bartels L and Weatherburn D (2020), ‘Building community confidence in community corrections’, Current Issues in Criminal Justice.
  3. Bartels L, Gelb K, Spiranovic C, Warner K, Roberts L and Davis J (2020), ‘What does the public think about sex offender registers? Findings from a national Australian study’, Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
  4. Warner K, Gelb K, Spiranovic C, Bartels L and Roberts L (2020), ‘Juror and community views of the guilty plea sentencing discount: Findings from a national Australian study’, Criminology and Criminal Justice
  5. Bartels L (2018), ‘Sentencing review 2017-18’, Criminal Law Journal, 42: 392-410. 
  6. King C, Bartels L, Easteal P and Hopkins A (2016), ‘Did defensive homicide in Victoria provide a safety net for battered women who kill? A case study analysis’, Monash University Law Review, 32: 138-178. 
  7. Anthony T, Bartels L and Hopkins A (2015), ‘Lessons lost in sentencing: Welding individualised justice to Indigenous justice’, Melbourne University Law Review, 39: 1-28.
  8. Bartels L, Warner K and Zdenkowski G (2014), ‘National research with jurors on sentences for sexual offenders’, Judicial Officers’ Bulletin, 26(2): 9-12.    

Refereed reports

  1. Bartels L (2010), Indigenous women’s offending patterns: A literature review, Research and Public Policy Series No 107, Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC), 47pp. For all AIC publications, see

Refereed conference papers

  1. Bartels L (2009), ‘Mainstreaming problem-oriented justice: Issues and challenges’ in Segrave M (ed), Australia and New Zealand Critical Criminology Conference 2009 Conference Proceedings, Monash University, 31-40. 

Encyclopaedia entries

  1. Bartels L (2019), ‘Indigenous female offenders’ in F Bernat and K Frailing (eds), The Encyclopaedia of Women and Crime, Wiley. 
  2. Bartels L and Doyle C (2018), ‘Prisons and community corrections’ in M Worthington (ed), ACT Law Handbook, AustLII.
  3. Bartels L and Hopkins A (2018), ‘Sentencing’ in M Worthington (ed), ACT Law Handbook, AustLII. 
  4. Bartels L (2014), ‘Euthanasia’ in B Arrigo (ed), Encyclopaedia of Criminal Justice Ethics, Sage Publications. 

Book reviews

  1. Bartels L (2020), ‘Fundamentals of criminological and criminal justice inquiry’, Economic Review
  2. Bartels L (2018), ‘Sentencing as practical wisdom’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 52: 308-310.
  3. Richards K and Bartels L (2012), ‘Researching crime and justice: Tales from the field and Conducting law and society research: Reflections on methods and practices’, British Journal of Criminology, 52: 1024-1029.

Non-refereed articles and reports 

  1. Bartels L, Easteal P and Dodd S (2020), Review of the implementation of the Family Violence Act 2016 (ACT), prepared for the ACT Government, 137 pp. 
  2. Gerry F and Bartels L (2020), ‘Transmitting COVID-19 to another person may send you to prison for life. Here’s why this is worrisome’, The Conversation, 14 April. For all Conversation articles, see
  3. Sarre R, Bartels and Makkai T (2020), ‘We need to consider granting bail to unsentenced prisoners to stop the spread of coronavirus’. The Conversation, 26 March. 
  4. Walvisch J, Richards K and Bartels L (2019), ‘3 ways to help sex offenders safely reintegrate back into the community’, The Conversation, 3 September.
  5. Bartels L (2019), The growth in remand and its impact on Indigenous over-representation in the criminal justice system, Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse, 8pp. For all IJC publications, see
  6. Hopkins A, Oxman L and Bartels L (2019), ‘First-ever Australian study shows how yoga can improve the lives of prisoners’, The Conversation, 17 July. 
  7. Bartels L (2019), ‘Australian governments should follow the ACT's lead in building communities, not prisons’, The Conversation, 21 February. 
  8. Freiberg A and Bartels L (2018), ‘Serial killers’ fates are in politicians’ hands. Here’s why that’s a worry’, The Conversation, 20 December. 
  9. Bartels L (2018), ‘“Learn to trust in what works for you”: Professor Lorana Bartels’, The Crime Conversation blog, 4 June.
  10. Freiberg A, Bartels L, Dodd S and Fitzgerald R (2018), ‘Political interventions have undermined the parole system’s effectiveness and independence’, The Conversation, 10 April.
  11. Bartels L (2017), ‘Is Victoria’s sentencing regime really more lenient?’ The Conversation, 19 October.
  12. Bartels L (2017), ‘Swift, certain, fair: Does Project HOPE provide a therapeutic paradigm for managing offenders? New book out now’, Therapeutic Jurisprudence in the Mainstream blog, 22 August.
  13. Sarre R and Bartels L (2017), ‘Tougher national parole laws won’t end the violence’, The Conversation, 7 June.
  14. Bartels L (2016), ‘Opinion: Curing our addiction to prison’, Canberra Times, 24 April. 
  15. Bartels L (2016), ‘Opinion: Tougher laws no antidote to violence’, Canberra Times, 12 January. 
  16. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 1: Exceed prescribed content of alcohol’, ACT Government, 6pp - for all sentencing snapshots, see 
  17. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 2: Common assault’, ACT Government, 6pp. 
  18. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 3: Assault occasioning actual bodily harm’, ACT Government, 3pp. 
  19. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 4: Theft and minor theft’, ACT Government, 11pp. 
  20. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 5: Drug possession’, ACT Government, 8pp. 
  21. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 6: Drive while disqualified or suspended’, ACT Government, 7pp. 
  22. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 7: Burglary and aggravated burglary’, ACT Government, 10pp. 
  23. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 8: Damage or destroy property’, ACT Government, 10pp. 
  24. Bartels L (2016), ‘Sentencing snapshot No 9: Contravene contravention order’, ACT Government, 7pp. 
  25. Bradfield R and Bartels L (2016), Phasing out of suspended sentences, Final report No 6, Tasmanian Sentencing Advisory Council, 148pp. 
  26. Bartels L (2015), ‘State of imprisonment in Australia: Can the ACT achieve a “human rights” prison?’, The Conversation, 17 April.
  27. Bartels L (2015), ‘Swift and certain sanctions: Does Australia have room for HOPE?’, The Conversation, 17 June.
  28. Bartels L (2015), Indigenous-specific court initiatives to support Indigenous defendants, victims and witnesses, Brief No 17, Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse, 1-8.
  29. Bartels L and Bradfield R (2015), Phasing out of suspended sentences – Background paper, Tasmanian Sentencing Advisory Council, 94pp. 
  30. Bradfield R and Bartels L (2015), Phasing out of suspended sentences – Consultation paper, Tasmanian Sentencing Advisory Council, 160pp. 
  31. Walker J and Bartels L (2015), Exploring the costs of alternatives to suspended sentences in Tasmania, prepared for the Tasmanian Sentencing Advisory Council, 47pp. 
  32. Bartels L (2014), Literature review on intensive supervision orders – A report prepared for the ACT Justice and Community Safety Directorate, 85pp. 
  33. Bartels L (2013), ‘Juries and social media: Is there a solution?’ The Conversation, 31 July.
  34. Bartels L (2012), ‘Safe haven: Preventing women from harming their babies’,The Conversation, 7 February. 
  35. Bartels L (2012), Sentencing of Indigenous women, Brief No 14, Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse, 1-8. 
  36. Bartels L and Easteal P (2012), ‘Domestic violence: How the law treats women who kill a violent partner’, The Conversation, 31 July. 
  37. Bartels L (2011), ‘Prisons, injecting drug use and blood-borne viruses: Continuing challenges’, HIV Australia, 9(1):15-17.
  38. Bartels L (2011), Crime prevention programs for culturally and linguistically diverse communities in Australia,Research in Practice No 18, AIC, 1-14.
  39. Bartels L (2011), Knife crime: Incidence, aetiology and responses, Technical and Background Paper No 45, AIC, 56pp. 
  40. Bartels L (2011), Police interviews with vulnerable adults, Research in Practice No 21, AIC, 1-13. 
  41. Bartels L and Gaffney A (2011), Good practice in women’s prisons: A literature review, Technical and Background Paper No 41, AIC, 92pp.
  42. Bartels L (2010), A review of confiscation schemes in Australia, Technical and Background Paper No 36, AIC, 46pp. 
  43. Bartels L (2010), Diversion programs for Indigenous women, Research in Practice No 13, AIC, 1-12.
  44. Bartels L (2010), Emerging issues in domestic and family violence research, Research in Practice No 10, AIC, 1-11. 
  45. Bartels L (2010), The status of laws on outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia, Research in Practice No 2, 2nded, AIC, 1-12. 
  46. Bartels L and Rice S (2010), A report on suspended sentences in the ACT, Report prepared for the ACT Law Reform Advisory Council, 48pp. 
  47. Bartels L (2009), The status of laws on outlaw motorcycle gangs in Australia,Research in Practice No 2, AIC, 1-9.
  48. Bartels L (2005), ‘Crown appeals in NSW’, Criminal Law News, 12(3): 39-40.
  49. Bartels L (2001), ‘Key features of the Criminal Procedure Amendment (Pre-trial Disclosure) Act 2001 (NSW)’, Criminal Law News, 8(6): 53-55.
  50. Bartels L (2001), ‘Suspended sentences in NSW’, Criminal Law News, 8(9) 81-83.

Confidential reports 

  1. Bartels L (2018), Analysis of ACT prison population and imprisonment trends to help reduce demand on the Alexander Maconochie Centre, prepared for the ACT Government, 94 pp.
  2. Taplin S, Suomi A and Bartels L (2017), Report on the consultancy to review the role of therapeutic jurisprudence in the management of care and protection matters before the ACT Children’s Court,prepared for the ACT Chief Magistrate, 75pp.
  3. Bartels L (2011), Research gaps in Indigenous sexual assault, prepared for the Criminology Research Council, 9pp.
  4. Bartels L and Rice S (2010), Discussion paper: The rate of imposition of suspended sentences in the ACT, prepared for the ACT Law Reform Advisory Council, 16pp.
  5. Bartels L and Rice S (2010), Evaluation of the current ACT regime for suspended sentences, prepared for the ACT Law Reform Advisory Council, 22pp.
  6. Bartels L and Gaffney A (2010), A literature review on good practice in women’s prison systems, Report prepared for Corrections Victoria, 98pp.
  7. Bartels L (2008), A review of breaches of court orders – Available data and best practice, prepared for the Criminology Research Council, 28pp.
  8. Bartels L (2008), The challenges of mainstreaming specialty courts in the criminal justice system, prepared for the Criminology Research Council, 46pp.

Law and justice reform submissions 

  1. Bartels L and Payne J (2019), Submission to the ACT Healthy Prison review, 7pp.
  2. Boland J, Bartels L, Naylor B, Mackay A and Hopkins A (2018), Submission on the ACT Human Rights Standards for Corrective Services, 16pp. 
  3. Bartels L (2017), Submission to the ACT Drug and Alcohol Court Consultation Paper, 3pp.
  4. Bartels L (2017), Submission to the Australian Law Reform Commission Inquiry into the Incarceration Rates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, 11pp.
  5. Bartels L (2017), Submission to the Senate Standing Committee on Legal and Constitutional Affairs into the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Sexual Crimes Against Children and Community Protection Measures) Bill 2017 [Provisions], 8pp. 
  6. Bartels L (2014), Supplementary submission to the ACT Standing Committee on Justice and Community Safety Inquiry into Sentencing, 8pp.
  7. Bartels L (2013), Submission to the ACT Justice and Community Safety Directorate Review of Criminal Justice Statistics, 5pp.
  8. Bartels L (2013), Submission to the ACT Standing Committee on Justice and Community Safety Inquiry into Sentencing, 12pp.
  9. Bartels L (2012), Submission to the Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs Inquiry into the Crimes Legislation Amendment (Powers and Offences) Bill 2011 (Cth), 3pp.
  10. Wallace A, Bartels L and Hopkins A (2011), Submission to the ACT Standing Committee on Justice and Community Safety on the Criminal Proceedings Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 (ACT), 3pp.
  11. Tomison A, Bartels L and Choo K-KR (2010), Submission to the Inquiry on theCrimes Legislation Amendment (Sexual Offences against Children) Bill 2010 (Cth), 5pp. 


  1. Anthony T, Gerry F and Bartels L (2020), ‘COVID-19 and prison’, Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology Newsletter
  2. Gerry F, Anthony T and Bartels L (2020), ‘Second open letter to Australian governments on the impact of COVID-19 on prisons’, 9pp
  3. Bartels L, Anthony T and Fletcher K (2020), ‘Open letter to Australian governments on the impact of COVID-19 on the criminal justice system’, 2pp.
  4. Bartels L and Hopkins A (2015), ‘Down Under All Over: Sentencing in the ACT’, Alternative Law Journal, 40: 139.
  5. Bartels L (2014), ‘Down Under All Over: ACT reforms to sentencing’, Alternative Law Journal, 39: 273-274.
  6. Bartels L (2013), ‘Down Under All Over: A sentencing council for the ACT?’, Alternative Law Journal, 38:55.
  7. Bartels L (2013), ‘Down Under All Over: New criminal laws for the ACT’, Alternative Law Journal, 38:129. 

Available student projects

  • sentencing law, policy and practice
  • therapeutic jurisprudence
  • correctional policy
  • prison management
  • community corrections, including parole 
  • family and sexual violence
  • the treatment of women in the criminal justice system
  • the treatment of Indigenous peoples in the criminal justice system

Current student projects

  • Hayley Boxall, Ending domestic violence: The role and experiences of women in men’s behavioural change (PhD, ANU).
  • Nina Hudson, Family violence and the law: New directions (PhD, University of Tasmania).

Past student projects

PhD theses 
  1. Stories of pervasive uncertainty: A victim-focused analysis of victim impact statements and sentencing in sexual offence cases (University of Tasmania)
  2. Equal justice – The importance of understanding the subjective experiences of participants in the adversarial criminal justice system (University of Canberra (UC))

Postgraduate research theses (UC)

  1. Personality disorders and sentencing: An analysis of the implications of O’Neill and the application of the Verdins principles
  2. Cleaning up Kings Cross: Can the mandatory minimum penalties for intoxicated offenders be justified?
  3. Motivations of abuse of police powers in the Indigenous community

 Honours and undergraduate theses (UC)

  1. Are our bail laws too tough, too soft or about right?
  2. The health outcomes of Australian prisoners and the implications on offending and social outcomes 
  3. How have the specific issues faced by Australian Indigenous women been addressed in the cases that have applied Bugmy v The Queen?
  4. Is it time to revisit doli incapax?
  5. The sentencing and imprisonment of transgender people in Australia
  6. Defensive homicide for battered women who kill: A safety net or not?
  7. An examination of prostitution laws in the ACT
  8. Is the NSW ‘one punch’ legislation a suitable response to public and media pressure to remedy the short sentences being given to perpetrators?
  9. Why do Indigenous women who are victims of violence inflict violence upon other people? 
  10. ‘Guilty, Your Honour’: An analysis of guilty pleas in the ACT Supreme Court and across Australia
  11. Forced adoption and baby trafficking in Australia and overseas: Lessons from the past and present
  12. Public opinion, sentencing and the new media
  13. A comparison between sentencing laws in California and NSW: What can NSW learn from California?
  14. Jurors using social media in Australian courts: How does it affect the administration of justice and what strategies can overcome this issue?
  15. Does Aboriginality affect a person’s sentence in the Australian Capital Territory? If so, how?
  16. Industrial manslaughter in Australia: Are Australian corporations being held accountable?



Projects and Grants

Grants information is drawn from ARIES. To add or update Projects or Grants information please contact your College Research Office.

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Updated:  17 April 2021 / Responsible Officer:  Director (Research Services Division) / Page Contact:  Researchers